Environmental and Social Risk Screening and Mapping Study of Potential Sites for Utility Scale Floating Solar PV (FSPV) in Bangladesh (Funded by IFC)
RINA Consulting S.P.A. (RINA)
Kh. Khairul Matin: Team Leader/Implementation Specialist
The main Environmental and Social (E&S) risks of the FSPV projects relate to: land acquisition resulting in potential impact on agricultural land, resettlement and ecosystem services for the T-lines towers, storage area and substation area and potential impact on livelihood related to fishing activities of those using the waterbed where the Project components will be installed; impaction indigenous people; changes in water quality with reduction in light penetration and surface temperatures dependent on the layout and density of the array; biodiversity; Occupational Health and Safety; Community Health and Safety; forced labor risks in the supply chain; water use during operation; waste management during construction; and stakeholder reactions. IFC plans to explore opportunities and proposes to map the market potential of FSPV in Bangladesh, screening riverbed, lake, reservoir & lagoon sites, considering also key E&S dimensions and risks in the identification of potential FSPV sites in line with IFC Performance Standards (PS). The E&S screening study including two phases. Phase 1 covers screening and mapping of water reservoirs/riverbed sites against IFC PS requirements related to the following key indicators: natural hazards, land and water body use, risk of resettlement (physical and economic displacement), impact on livelihood, conflicts areas, land legacy issues (if any), presence of indigenous people (IP) including IP land or place of interests, and biodiversity. As the outcome of Phase 1, Phase 2 E&S study will allow RINA to shorten the longlist to three sites. Depending on the actual situation at the time of Phase 1 completion, field observation and stakeholder engagement will be confirmed if required for RINA to conclude the shortlisted three sites.